- Osteoarthritis (also known as OA) is a type of arthritis and one of the most common causes of consistent knee pain. As a degenerative disease of the knee joint, it is more common in females older than 40 years. It is due to their physique that leads to a gradual deterioration of the cartilage in the bones, reducing their shock-absorbing qualities of joints. The bones also sometimes begin to rub against each other, causing the common symptoms of knee osteoarthritis — pain, stiffness and loss of movement in the joint.
Osteoarthritis is most commonly caused due to aging. Almost everyone eventually develops some degree of osteoarthritis after reaching middle or old age. However, there are several factors that can increase the risk of developing significant arthritis:
The symptoms of Osteo Arthritis Knee may appear after crossing 50 years of life. This is because it takes time for the cartilage to wear down and change the way your joints work. Usually, the first noticeable symptom is chronic pain in the knees, especially while walking. However, the sudden onset of the following symptoms is possible;
- Rheumatoid Arthritis: RA is an inflammatory type of arthritis that can destroy the joint cartilage. It can occur at any age and generally affects both knees.
- Post-traumatic Arthritis: Post-traumatic arthritis can develop after an injury to the knee and may develop years after a fracture, ligament injury, or meniscus tear.
- Weight: The body weight increases pressure on all the joints, especially the knees. Every pound of weight you gain adds 3 to 4 pounds of extra weight on your knees.
- Heredity: This includes genetic abnormalities in the bones that surround knee joints or slight mutations that might make a person more likely to develop osteoarthritis of the knee.
- Athletics: Athletes involved in tennis, soccer, cricket or long-distance running may be at higher risk and must take precautions to avoid injury. They are also advised to do regular moderate exercises that strengthen the joints and can decrease the risk of osteoarthritis.
- Repetitive injuries: These can sometimes be caused by repetitive actions caused by the nature of job that a person might have. People with certain occupations that include a lot of activity that can stress their joints, such as squatting, kneeling, or lifting heavy weights, are more likely to develop osteoarthritis in the knee because of the constant pressure on the joint.
- Other illnesses: People with certain metabolic disorders, such as excess growth hormones, also run a higher risk of osteoarthritis.
- Stiffness and Swelling:Feeling that it’s tough to move knee(s) while getting up in the morning or after sitting down for a while. The swelling makes it hard to bend or straighten the knee.
- Pain: Pain can be worse in the morning or after the person hasn’t moved in a while. It also occurs after certain activities such as walking or climbing stairs. It may also be accompanied by the creaking, crackly sound when the knee moves.
- Limited Movement: The stiffness, pain and swelling can make it harder to sit down, stand up, or walk. The knee joint can become inflamed, and warmth around the joint is a sign of that inflammation.
The diagnosis of Osteo Arthritis Knee begins with a physical exam by a physician who takes the medical history and note any symptoms. The physician may order additional testing, including:
- X-rays:To see the bone and cartilage damage as well as the presence of bone spurs
- Magnetic resonance imaging scans (MRI): MRI is usually done when X-rays do not give a clear reason for joint pain or when the X-rays suggest that other types of joint tissue could be damaged. Doctors also use blood tests to rule out other conditions that could be causing the pain, such as rheumatoid arthritis, a different type of arthritis caused by a disorder in the immune system.
The primary goals of treating osteoarthritis of the knee are to relieve the pain and return mobility. The treatment plan will typically include a combination of the following:
- Weight loss:Losing weight can significantly decrease knee pain from osteoarthritis.
- Exercise: Strengthening the knee muscles make the joint more stable and reduce pain. Doctors also recommend stretching exercises which help the knee joint become mobile and flexible.
- Anti-inflammatory drugs:This includes over-the-counter choices but are not advised to be taken for more than 10 days without consulting a doctor.
- Steriods: Steroids are powerful anti-inflammatory drugs. Injecting corticosteroids or hyaluronic acid into the knee can act as a lubricating fluid.
- Alternative therapies:Topical creams with capsaicin, acupuncture, or supplements, including glucosamine and chondroitin or SAMe may leave a positive effect on the knee. Physical therapists teach ways to strengthen muscles and increase flexibility in the joints. Occupational therapists teach ways to perform regular, daily activities, such as housework, with less pain.
- Surgery: When other treatments don't work, surgery is a good option.Not responding well to conventional therapy? May be we can help. Write to us at
Several clinical trials are going on all over the world, including India using to help patients suffering from Osteo Arthritis Knee lead a normal life.
- Stem Cell India Research Centre can offer you stem cell therapy using our proprietary technology.
- Stem cells are the only cells in the body that can morph into other types of specialized cells. When the patient's own stem cells are injected into a damaged joint, they transform into chondrocytes and the cells produce fresh cartilage. They also amplify the body's own natural repair efforts by accelerating healing, reducing inflammation, and preventing scarring and loss of function.
- We are confident that using stem cell therapy, we can help the patient not only to reverse the disease process of the affected body part but also improve the overall quality of life.
- Stem cells produced by Stem Cell India Research Centre are completely non-toxic, safe, easy to administer with an excellent probability of homing and engraftment with parent cell, tissue or organ. Our researchers and scientists work exhaustively to design accurate treatment protocols that have the capability to yield excellent results.
- Stem Cell India Research Centre advises an early treatment to prevent rapid deterioration of strength in muscles and destruction of joint polishing or cartilage. The stem cell therapy also helps avoid patient’s dependence on support for walking & other activities. To know more how we can help, today!